AED Laws and Regulations

United States AED Regulations

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*AED law summaries are not to be mistaken as legal advice and aedonsale.com and Soma Technology Inc. make no representations or warranties to the accuracy of the AED law or regulation information provided. AED Laws are changed and updated frequently. We recommend that you contact your state health department for the most up to date AED law information. If you find an error or have an updated AED law or AED statute, please contact us and we'll update our site right away.

Alabama

SB 306 2009
Effective May 15, 2009, Alabama state law requires that an automated external defibrillator be placed in all public schools serving grades K-12.

SB 280 2008
An act that includes a $1 million appropriation for heart defibrillators to the Department of Education.

HB 68 2006
Effective May 1, 2006 an amendment to the Alabama Good Samaritan Law grants immunity protection to any person who administers first aid, including the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED), in good faith and without compensation to a victim of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), or who appears to be suffering from an SCA. Such persons shall be immune from civil liability for any injuries suffered by the victim because of the emergency treatment or any failure on the part of the rescuer to provide or arrange further medical treatment, unless gross negligence is proven. Licensed engineers, architects, surveyors, contractors, subcontractors or any individual working under the direct supervision of a licensed individual are also protected from civil liability under provisions of this amendment.

HB 504 2003
Effective June 2003, the State Legislature of Alabama enacted a law that urges manufacturers of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) to create a registry of AEDs. This law also states that owners of AEDs be urged by the AED manufacturers to report the removal of an AED unit by the owner to the Alabama Council of Emergency Medical Services so that the local 911 center can take appropriate action in case of an SCA emergency.

Code of Alabama 22-1-12 2002
Rules providing for a comprehensive plan for training, certification and credentialing of cardiac care providers in the use of AEDs.

Code of Alabama 6-5-332.3 1999
Rules governing the purchase or ownership of an AED by a person or entity that:
1. Ensure proper training of AED users,
2. That regular and proper maintenance of said AED is performed,
3. That a licensed physician or medical authority is involved in the site’s AED program,
4. That the emergency medical services system is activated by the person rendering emergency care as soon as possible, and
5. That the manufacturer, wholesale supplier or retailer of an AED notifies the purchaser of these requirements.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of a licensed physician or medical authority in the site's AED program to ensure compliance with training, notification, and maintenance.

CPR/AED Training

Expected defibrillator users should receive appropriate training in an American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or other nationally recognized cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course and AED, or an equivalent nationally recognized course

EMS Notification

A person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify the local emergency communications center or dispatch center of the existing location and type of AED.

Maintenance Program

The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use

Any person who renders emergency care or treatment of a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer

"(e) A person or entity, who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care or treatment to a person suffering or appearing to suffer from cardiac arrest, which may include the use of an automated external defibrillator, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances, except damages that may result for the gross negligence of the person rendering emergency care. This immunity shall extend to the licensed physician or medical authority who is involved in automated external defibrillator site placement, the person who provides training in CPR and the use of the automated external defibrillator, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the automated external defibrillator is located. This section specifically excludes from the provision of immunity any designers, manufacturers, or sellers of automated external defibrillators for any claims that may be brought against such entities based upon current Alabama law."

Alaska

SB 160 2003
This bill expands immunity protection for AED users but does not protect users from civil liability if an emergency medical services agency is not notified as soon as possible during the medical emergency treatment. Furthermore, after an AED has been purchased, the owner must:
1. notify, within 30 days of placement of the AED, the local emergency medical response team that such a device has been purchased and placed;
2. make sure the device is properly maintained and regularly tested;
3. provide a way for the user of the AED unit to notify the emergency medical response team near the location of the AED unit;
4. provide training on the use of the AED to employees who may have occasion to administer aid using the device.

HB 395 1998
Establishes immunity protection for users of an AED at a hospital or any other location who provide aid to a injured or ill person from being liable for civil damages while providing emergency aid if it appears that the victim is in immediate need of help.

Requirements
Physician

Prescription required upon the purchase of an AED.

CPR/AED Training

Owner must provide appropriate training in the use of the device to an employee or agent of the person who acquires the device. "Appropriate training" means that the individual has completed an automated external defibrillator training course from the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, or another automated external defibrillator training course approved by the Department of Health and Social Services.

EMS Notification

Must notify the local emergency medical response authority or other appropriate entity of the most recent placement of the device within 30 days following placement of the device.Must provide, within a reasonable proximity to the device's usual location, a means of notifying the local emergency medical response authority that an emergency exists in the event that a medical emergency occurs where the device is used.

Maintenance Program

Owner must properly maintain and test the device.

Notification of Use

Any person who renders emergency care or treatment of a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
Section 1. AS 09.65 is amended by adding a new section to read:
Sec. 09.65.087. Civil liability for use of an automated external defibrillator.
(a) A person who uses or attempts to use an automated external defibrillator device on a victim of a perceived medical emergency is not liable for civil damages resulting from the use or attempted use of the device. This subsection does not apply to civil damages resulting from a failure to notify the appropriate emergency medical services agency.
(b) A person who acquires or provides an automated external defibrillator device for use on a victim of a perceived medical emergency is not liable for civil damages resulting from the use or attempted use of the device. This subsection does not apply to civil damages resulting from the failure of the person who acquires or provides the device to
(1) notify the local emergency medical response authority or other appropriate entity of the most recent placement of the device within 30 days following placement of the device;
(2) properly maintain and test the device;
(3) provide, within a reasonable proximity to the device's usual location, a means of notifying the local emergency medical response authority that an emergency exists in the event that a medical emergency occurs where the device is used; or
(4) provide appropriate training in the use of the device to an employee or agent of the person who acquires the device when the employee or agent was the person who used the device on the victim; this paragraph does not apply and immunity is provided under this subsection if
(A) the employee or agent who used the device on the victim was not an employee or agent who would have been reasonably expected to use the device;
(B) the period of time elapsing between hiring the person as an employee or agent and the occurrence of the harm, or between the acquisition of the device and the occurrence of the harm, in any case in which the device was acquired after hiring the employee or agent was not in excess of six months;
(C) the device was intended for and placed in a location where the person or entity would not regularly have an employee or agent present; or
(D) the device was placed in a location that provided public access to the device by persons who volunteer to use the device and are not employees or agents of the person who acquires or provides the device.
(c) In this section, "appropriate training" means that the individual has completed an automated external defibrillator training course from the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, or another automated external defibrillator training course approved by the Department of Health and Social Services.

Arizona

HB 2399 2009
An act relating to automated external defibrillator ownership. This act requires that any person or entity that purchases or owns an AED must:
1. Have an agreement with a physician who will oversee public access use of the defibrillator.
2. Make sure that each trained AED user who is using an AED on a person suffering from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) calls 911 as soon as possible.
3. Prepare and submit a written report within five days of using the AED to the Bureau of Emergency Medical Services and Trauma Systems in the Department of Health Services.
4 .Make sure that the AED is properly maintained, tested and in good working order according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

SB 1141 2008
Revises Good Samaritan Protection for persons rendering emergency care while using an AED in good faith. It establishes civil liability protection to the caregiver for injuries resulting from the AED’s use.

HB 2091 2006
Revises automated external defibrillator training and use requirements.

SB 1070 2002
Requires that State buildings constructed or buildings that undergo a major renovation after the effective date of this bill be equipped with automated external defibrillators. Also requires that for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2003 – 2004 funding will be included in capital budgets for the placement of AEDs in new state buildings.

HB 2479 1999
Provides Good Samaritan protection for use of an AED and establishes guidelines for AED programs.

Requirements
Physician

A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall enter into an agreement with a physician who shall oversee the aspects of public access to defibrillation.

CPR/AED Training

Trainer users, who are the expected users of an AED, must be trained in CPR and AED use through a state approved course.

EMS Notification

Each trained responder USER who uses an automated external defibrillator on a person in cardiac arrest to must call telephone number 911 as soon as possible.

Maintenance Program

Must ensure the automated external defibrillator is maintained in good working order and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines

Notification of Use

A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall submit a written report to the BUREAU OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES AND TRAUMA SYSTEMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES within five working days after its use.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A. The following persons and entities are not subject to civil liability for any personal injury that results from any act or omission that does not amount to WILFUL misconduct or gross negligence:
    1. A physician who provides OVERSIGHT.
    2. A person or entity that provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of an automated external defibrillator.
    3. A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator pursuant to this article.
    4. The owner of the property or facility where the automated external defibrillator is located.
    5. A person or entity that provides the automated external defibrillator pursuant to this article.
    6. A nonprofit entity that, in the placement of an automated external defibrillator pursuant to this article, acts as an intermediary between the provider of an automated external defibrillator and the person or entity that acquired the automated external defibrillator or the owner of the property or facility where the automated external defibrillator is located.
    7. A good Samaritan. For the purposes of this paragraph, "good Samaritan" means a person who uses an automated external defibrillator to render emergency care or assistance in good faith and without compensation at the scene of any accident, fire or other life-threatening emergency.
    8. A TRAINED USER.
B. The exception from civil liability provided in subsection A does not affect a manufacturer's product liability regarding the design, manufacturing or instructions for use and maintenance of an automated external defibrillator.

Arkansas

SB 312 2009
“The Antony Hobbs III Act” requires automated external defibrillators in each school and that school personnel be adequately trained on their use on or before May 31, 2011. Also requires that AEDs be available for other school-related activities such as athletic events. Antony Hobbs III was a 17-year-old Little Rock, Arkansas basketball player who collapsed and died while playing in a basketball game in January 2008. He suffered sudden cardiac arrest from a condition known as Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. If an AED had been available on the premises, his chances for survival may have improved.

HB 2578 2007
The Arkansas Automatic External Defibrillator Act of 2007 - requires that AEDs be placed in all public and private schools and institutions of higher learning if funds are available.

HB 2786 2007
Amends law requiring automatic external defibrillators be placed in all health spas and that they be easily accessible by all staff, members and guests of the club. Furthermore, during the business hours of which the spa is staffed, it is required that at least one employee of the club has completed a course in how to operate an AED and knows how to perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). This law also requires that an AED sign showing the location of the automated external defibrillator is in plain view and that a sign with AED and CPR instructions is posted as well.

HB 1970 2005
Requires that automatic external defibrillators be placed in health spas.

HB 1231 2005
Expands public access to automatic external defibrillators.

HB 1006 1999
Establishes requirements for AED placement and immunity from civil liability.

Requirements
Physician

A licensed physician is required to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training

Expected users must complete CPR and AED training at least once every two years.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of the emergency communications, 911, or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program

The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines and instructions.

Notification of Use

Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and report any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator to the medical provider responding to the emergency.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer

(a) Any person or entity who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an automated external defibrillator is immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of the care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment, if the person acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
(b) The immunity from civil liability for any personal injury under subsection (a) of this section includes:
     1.  A physician or medical facility that is involved with automated external defibrillator placement;
     2.  Any person or entity that provides CPR and automated external defibrillator training to the person or entity acquiring an automated external defibrillator; and
     3. The person or entity responsible for the location where the automated external defibrillator is located or used.
(c) The immunity from civil liability under subsection (a) of this section does not apply if the personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care.
(d) The requirements of § 20-13-1304 do not apply to any individual using an automated external defibrillator in an emergency setting if that individual is acting as a "Good Samaritan" under the provisions of either §17-95-101 or § 17-95-106.

California

AB 1507 2006
Requires AEDs in fitness centers and that staff be trained on their proper use. This bill is effective until July 12, 2012. The bill also provides immunity protection from any injuries or damages resulting from the use of the AED during emergency care or treatment.

ACR 57 2005
A resolution urging all public schools with students enrolled in grades K - 12 to implement an automated external defibrillator program.

AB 2041 2003
Revises Good Samaritan protection for the use of an AED by removing the requirement that all persons using an AED to administer emergency care be certified in its use and having had completed a basic CPR or AED course. This act also provides immunity from civil liability if injuries occur during the emergency medical treatment by a person who renders the care in good faith and not for compensation.

AB 1145 2003
This bill calls for the Department of General Services to apply for federal funds in order to purchase AEDs and place them in all state-owned and leased buildings, and to ensure that specific training requirements on their use be implemented.

SB 911 1999
This act provides Good Samaritan protection and requirements for AED placement within state-owned and leased buildings.

Requirements
Physician

The involvement of a CA licensed physician as Medical Directpr in developing a program to ensure compliance with regulations and requirements for training, notification, and maintenance is required.

CPR/AED Training

For every AED unit acquired up to five units, no less than one employee per AED unit shall complete a training course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and AED use that complies with the regulations adopted by the Emergency Medical Service Authority and the standards of the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross. After the first five AED units are acquired, for each additional five AED units acquired, one employee shall be trained beginning with the first AED unit acquired. Acquirers of AED units shall have trained employees who should be available to respond to an emergency that may involve the use of an AED unit during normal operating hours.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity that supplies an AED shall notify an agent of the local EMS agency of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired.

Maintenance Program

The AED must be maintained and regularly tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer, the American Heart Association, and the American Red Cross, and according to any applicable rules and regulations set forth by the governmental authority under the federal Food and Drug Administration and any other applicable state and federal authority. The AED must be checked for readiness after each use and at least once every 30 days if the AED has not been used in the preceding 30 days. Records of these checks shall be maintained.
There must be a written plan that describes the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency that may involve the use of an AED. The written plan shall include, but not be limited to, immediate notification of 911 and trained office personnel at the start of AED procedures.
Building owners must ensure that tenants annually receive a brochure, approved as to content and style by the American Heart Association or American Red Cross, which describes the proper use of an AED, and also ensure that similar information is posted next to any installed AED.
No less than once a year, building owners will notify their tenants as to the location of AED units in the building.

Notification of Use

Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible, and report any use of the AED to the licensed physician and to the local EMS agency.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
(b) In order to ensure public safety, any person or entity that acquires an AED is not be liable for any civil damages resulting from any acts or omissions in the rendering of the emergency care under subdivision (b) of Section 1714.21 of the Civil Code, if that person or entity does all of the following:
(1) Complies with all regulations governing the placement of an AED.
(2) Ensures all of the following:
     (A) That the AED is maintained and regularly tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer, the American Heart Association, and the American Red Cross, and according to any applicable rules and regulations set forth by the governmental authority under the federal Food and Drug Administration and any other applicable state and federal authority.
     (B) That the AED is checked for readiness after each use and at least once every 30 days if the AED has not been used in the preceding 30 days. Records of these checks shall be maintained.
    (C) That any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED activates the emergency medical services system as soon as possible, and reports any use of the AED to the licensed physician and to the local EMS agency.
    (D) For every AED unit acquired up to five units, no less than one employee per AED unit shall complete a training course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and AED use that complies with the regulations adopted by the Emergency Medical Service Authority and the standards of the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross. After the first five AED units are acquired, for each additional five AED units acquired, one employee shall be trained beginning with the first AED unit acquired. Acquirers of AED units shall have trained employees who should be available to respond to an emergency that may involve the use of an AED unit during normal operating hours.
    (E) That there is a written plan that describes the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency that may involve the use of an AED, to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section. The written plan shall include, but not be limited to, immediate notification of 911 and trained office personnel at the start of AED procedures.
(3) Building owners ensure that tenants annually receive a brochure, approved as to content and style by the American Heart Association or American Red Cross, which describes the proper use of an AED, and also ensure that similar information is posted next to any installed AED.
(4) No less than once a year, building owners will notify their tenants as to the location of AED units in the building.
(c) Any person or entity that supplies an AED shall do all of the following:
(1) Notify an agent of the local EMS agency of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired.
(2) Provide to the acquirer of the AED all information governing the use, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of the AED.
(d) A violation of this provision is not subject to penalties pursuant to Section 1798.206.
(e) The protections specified in this section do not apply in the case of personal injury or wrongful death that results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person who renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED.
(f) Nothing in this section or Section 1714.21 shall be construed to require a building owner or a building manager to acquire and have installed an AED in any building.
(g) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2008, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2008, deletes or extends that date.

Colorado

SB 10 2009
Establishes requirements for AED placement and provides immunity protection to any person who provides emergency care to a person suffering from sudden cardiac arrest. It also extends immunity protection to people who provide cardiopulmonary (CPR) and AED training, and to the people responsible for the building site where the AED is located.

SB 181 2008
Establishes training, maintenance, inspection and physician involvement requirements for school districts that acquire automated external defibrillators.

SB 170 2008
Encourages school districts to acquire AEDs for their schools and allows schools to accept donations of automated external defibrillators or grants and monies specifically for the purchase of AED units. This act also specifies that the AEDs placed in the schools be appropriate for use on both children and adults and that the AED is limited for use only on school property and at school events. It also encourages that AEDs be purchased and placed in each athletic facility run by the school district, even if said facility is at a location separate from the school.

HB 1283 1999
Provides for immunity for the use of automated external defibrillators in emergency situations.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of a licensed physician to ensure compliance for training, notification, and maintenance.

CPR/AED Training

Expected users of the AED should receive AED/CPR training.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of the applicable emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of AED.

Maintenance Program

A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that written plans ARE in place concerning the placement of AEDs, training of personnel, pre-planned coordination with the emergency medical services system, medical oversight, AED maintenance, identification of personnel authorized to use AEDs, and reporting of AED utilization, which written plans have been reviewed and approved by a licensed physician

Notification of Use

Any person who renders emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
“ANY PERSON OR ENTITY WHOSE PRIMARY DUTIES DO NOT INCLUDE THE PROVISION OF HEALTH CARE AND WHO, IN GOOD FAITH AND WITHOUT COMPENSATION, RENDERS EMERGENCY CARE OR TREATMENT BY THE USE OF AN AED SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CIVIL DAMAGES FOR ACTS OR OMISSIONS MADE IN GOOD FAITH AS A RESULT OF SUCH CARE OR TREATMENT OR AS A RESULT OF ANY ACT OR FAILURE TO ACT IN PROVIDING OR ARRANGING FURTHER MEDICAL TREATMENT, UNLESS THE ACTS OR OMISSIONS WERE GROSSLY NEGLIGENT OR WILLFUL AND WANTON.

THE IMMUNITY PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH (a) OF THIS SUBSECTION (4) EXTENDS TO THE LICENSED PHYSICIAN WHO IS INVOLVED WITH AED SITE PLACEMENT, THE PERSON OR ENTITY WHO PROVIDES THE CPR AND AED SITE PLACEMENT, AND THE PERSON OR ENTITY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SITE WHERE THE AED IS LOCATED.

(c) THE IMMUNITY PROVIDED IN THIS SUBSECTION (4) APPLIES ONLY IF THE
REQUIREMENTS OF SUBSECTION (3) OF THIS SECTION ARE MET.

(5) THE REQUIREMENTS OF SUBSECTION (3) OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY INDIVIDUAL USING AN AED DURING A MEDICAL EMERGENCY IF THAT INDIVIDUAL IS ACTING AS A GOOD SAMARITAN UNDER SECTION 13-21-108.”

Connecticut

HB 6541 2009
This act requires that adult, child and infant automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation certification be a mandatory part of Firefighter I certification training.

SB 1089 2009
Provides Good Samaritan immunity for automatic external defibrillator use unless there is gross, willful or wanton negligence. The act first only applied to health clubs and athletic facilities at public high schools and colleges, but was amended to include anyone who provides or maintains an AED.

SB 981 2009
Requires that all schools have an automated external defibrillator, trained staff, and a response plan for sudden cardiac arrest or similar life threatening emergencies.

HB 5631 2004
This act concerns evaluating the state’s emergency medical services and identify where to place automated external defibrillators.

HB 5627 2003
This act develops guidelines for placing automated external defibrillators in public buildings, including state facilities, mass public gatherings and municipal facilities, and to develop public access to AED training programs.

Requirements
Physician
Physician approval of AED purchase.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser
Any person operating a cardiopulmonary resuscitator or a person trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation OR IN THE USE OF AN AUTOMATIC EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATOR in accordance with the standards set forth by the American Red Cross or American Heart Association, who, voluntarily and gratuitously and other than in the ordinary course of his employment or practice, renders emergency medical or professional assistance to a person in need thereof, shall not be liable to such person assisted for civil damages for any personal injuries which result from acts or omissions by such person in rendering the emergency care, which may constitute ordinary negligence. The immunity provided in this subsection does not apply to acts or omissions constituting gross, wilful or wanton negligence.

Delaware

SCR 34 2010
A resolution proclaiming June 1-7, 2010 as National Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Awareness week in Delaware.

SCR 18 2009
A resolution proclaiming June 1-7, 2009 as CPR-AED Awareness Week.

HCR 59 2008
A resolution proclaiming June 1-7, 2008 as CPR-AED Awareness Week.

SCR 20 2007
A resolution asking the Delaware Department of Education to study the feasibility of requiring mandatory CPR/AED training classes in high school.

HB 332 1999
Requires the Department of Health & Human Services to coordinate a statewide effort to promote and implement automated external defibrillators and to train users.

Title 16 Chapt. 30c
Encourages greater acquisition, deployment and use of automated external defibrillators in communities within the State and provides Good Samaritan protection. Also states that the AEDs are maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s standards, and that the person who provides the emergency care notifies emergency medical service units as soon as possible after treatment begins and that the use of the AED is reported to a licensed physician or other medical authority.

Requirements
Physician

Prescription required for purchase of an AED.

CPR/AED Training

Each prospective defibrillator user must receive appropriate training by the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, Delaware State Fire School or by another nationally recognized provider of training for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and AED use; provided however, that such training shall be approved by the State EMS Medical Director.

Maintenance Program

The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED shall notify the appropriate EMS units as soon as possible and report any clinical use of the AED to the appropriate licensed physician or medical authority.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person or entity, who in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of such care or treatment, or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment, if such person acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances and such act or acts do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.
Any individual who authorizes the purchase of an AED, any person or entity who provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an AED, and any person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from any act or omission that does not amount to wilful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.

District of Columbia

Florida

HB 945 2010
Requires assisted living facilities with 17 or more beds to possess a functioning automated external defibrillator, recommends that AED units be registered with local emergency medical services authorities, and provides immunity from liability under the Good Samaritan Act.

SB 564 2008
Revises provisions relating to the maintenance of and training requirements for the use of automated external defibrillators, notice to the local emergency medical services medical director, and requirements for civil immunity for the use or attempted use of a defibrillator on a victim of a perceived medical emergency.

SB 772 2006
Requires AEDs in all public schools with high school athletics.

HB 67 2006
Gordon & Muillis Act - Provides for grants to youth athletic organizations for automated external defibrillator products.

SB 274 2006
Encourages automated external defibrillators for State Parks.

HB 93 2006
Revises legislative intent with respect to the use of an automated external defibrillator; defines the terms "automated external defibrillator" and "defibrillation"; requires the Department of Health to implement an educational campaign to inform persons who acquire automated external defibrillator devices of the scope and limitations of the immunity from liability provided under the Cardiac Arrest Survival Act; revises the definition of the term "automated external defibrillator".

SB 1436 2005
Authorizes automated external defibrillators for state and local law enforcement vehicles.

SB 1748 2004
Encourages each multi service senior center to have an automated external defibrillator on-site, to provide training for its use and maintenance and location registration. Also provides immunity from liability under the Good Samaritan Act and the Cardiac Arrest Survival Act.

SB 2984 2004
Provides immunity from civil liability for community associations that provide automated external defibrillator devices under certain circumstances.

HB 1429 2001
Cardiac Arrest Survival Act - Expands immunity from civil liability if a person believes that another person is suffering from a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention.

HB 411 1997
Provides Good Samaritan Act, establishes requirements for AED placement.

Requirements
Physician

Physician approval required.

CPR/AED Training

All persons who use an automated external defibrillator are encouraged to must obtain appropriate training, to include completion of a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation or successful completion of a basic first aid course that includes cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, and demonstrated proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity in possession of an automated external defibrillator is encouraged to notify register with the local emergency medical services medical director of the existence and location of the automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
Must properly maintain and test the device

Notification of Use
Any person who uses an automated external defibrillator shall activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible upon use of the automated external defibrillator.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser
Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, and except as provided in subsection (4), any person who uses or attempts to use an automated external defibrillator device on a victim of a perceived medical emergency, without objection of the victim of the perceived medical emergency, is immune from civil liability for any harm resulting from the use or attempted use of such device. In addition, notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, and except as provided in subsection (4), any person who acquired the device and makes it available for use, including, but not limited to, a community association organized under chapter 617, chapter 718, chapter 719, chapter 720, chapter 721, or chapter 723, is immune from such liability, if the harm was not due to the failure of such person to properly maintain and test the device; or (b)(c) Provide appropriate training in the use of the device to an employee or agent of the acquirer when the employee or agent was the person who used the device on the victim, except that such requirement of training does not apply if:
  1. The device is equipped with audible, visual, or written instructions on its use, including any such visual or written instructions posted on or adjacent to the device;
  2. The employee or agent was not an employee or agent who would have been reasonably expected to use the device; or
  3. The period of time elapsing between the engagement of the person as an employee or agent and the occurrence of the harm, or between the acquisition of the device and the occurrence of the harm in any case in which the device was acquired after engagement of the employee or agent, was not a reasonably sufficient period in which to provide the training.

Georgia

SB 51 2008
Revises requirements for AED placement and provides for immunity protection. Requires that any person who acquires or purchases an AED ensures that those who may be responsible for using the AED participate in American Heart Association or American Red Cross (or other equivalent nationally recognized) CPR and AED training course. The defibrillator must be maintained, inspected and tested on a regular basis according to the manufacturer’s specifications. A licensed physician (or other authorized person) must be involved with the site’s AED program to ensure that it meets training, notification and maintenance requirements. When an AED has been acquired, its location and type must be given to an emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center.

SB 265 2003
Requires registration for automated external defibrillators with the Emergency Health Section of the Division of Public Health of the Department of Human Resources.

HB 1031 2001
Requires that at least one AED be placed in all public high schools no later than July 1, 2008 and that the Department of Education shall provide the funds necessary to assist in the purchase of the AED units.

SB 5661 1998
Establishes requirements for AED placement and provides for immunity protection, furthermore, it is recommended that all potential users of an AED receive training by a nationally recognized health care provider in CPR and AED use.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of a licensed physician to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training

Expected users of the AED should receive AED/CPR training.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of the emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and report any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator to the licensed physician or other person authorized by the composite board who is supervising the program.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
The persons described in this Code section shall be immune from civil liability for any act or omission to act related to the provision of emergency care or treatment by the use of or provision of an automated external defibrillator, as described in Code Sections 31-11-53.1 and 31-11-53.2, except that such immunity shall not apply to an act of willful or wanton misconduct and shall not apply to a person acting within the scope of a licensed profession if such person acts with gross negligence. The immunity provided for in this Code section shall extend to:
1. Any person who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment by the use of or provision of an automated external defibrillator without objection of the person to whom care or treatment is rendered;
2. The owner or operator of any premises or conveyance who installs or provides automated external defibrillator equipment in or on such premises or conveyance;
3. Any physician or other medical professional who authorizes, directs, or supervises the installation or provision of automated external defibrillator equipment in or on any premises or conveyance other than any medical facility as defined in paragraph (2) of Code Section 31-7-1; and
4. Any person who provides training in the use of automated external defibrillator equipment as required by subparagraph (b)(1)(A) of Code Section 31-11-53.1, whether compensated or not. This Code section is not applicable to any training or instructions provided by the manufacturer of the automated external defibrillator or to any claim for failure to warn on the part of the manufacturer.
5. Nothing in this Code section shall be construed so as to provide immunity to the manufacturer of any automated external defibrillator or off-premises automated external defibrillator maintenance or service providers, nor shall it relieve the manufacturer from any claim for product liability or failure to warn."

Hawaii

HB 474 2011
Pending legislation stating that a land owner will not be liable for civil damages if an AED is used on their property to resuscitate a person who is injured while on their property if the injured party is shown to have been criminally trespassing in the second degree on said property.

HB 1919 2010
An Act requiring that beginning in the 2012-2013 school year all public and private middle and high schools, and other learning institutions including the University of Hawaii, community colleges and accredited and unaccredited degree granting institutions maintain at least one automated external defibrillator. It also requires that at least one staff member be trained in the use of the AED and on the campus whenever the facilities are being used for school-sponsored or approved events. Beginning with the 2014-2015 school year, all elementary public and private schools will be required to abide by the above.

HB 1537 2009
Revises Good Samaritan protection for use of an AED. States that a person who acts in good faith while attempting to resuscitate a person in a life-threatening emergency, shall not be liable for any civil damages resulting from their actions or omissions, and that the person or employer who provides an AED or an AED training program is not liable either.

SSCR 302 2009
Encourages employers to implement an AED program and to provide an automated external defibrillator unit in their place of business and give them immunity from any civil damages arising from the use of an AED in their place of business.

SB 1675 2007
Revises requirements for an AED program stating that the program includes an “appropriate training course that includes cardiopulmonary resuscitation” (CPR) as well as training in the use of an AED. This act also states that physicians who use an automated external defibrillator are not liable for civil damages resulting from the use of an AED.

HB 1991 2004
Provides immunity protection to people who provide free AED programs, to people who are responsible for the site or location of the AED unit, and that AED-trained users are not liable for civil damages resulting from their attempt to resuscitate an individual who appears to be suffering from a life-threatening condition.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician, Trainer
Any person who in good faith, without remuneration or expectation of remuneration, attempts to resuscitate a person in immediate danger of loss of life when administering any automated external defibrillator, regardless of where the automated external defibrillator that is used is located, shall not be liable for any civil damages resulting from any act or omission except as may result from the person's gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions.
Any person, including an employer, who provides for an automated external defibrillator or an automated external defibrillator training program shall not be vicariously liable for any civil damages resulting from any act or omission of the persons or employees who, in good faith and without remuneration or the expectation of remuneration, attempt to resuscitate a person in immediate danger of loss of life by administering an automated external defibrillator, except as may result from a person's or employer's gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions.
Any physician or physician assistant who administers an automated external defibrillator program without remuneration or expectation of remuneration shall not be liable for any civil damages resulting from any act or omission involving the use of an automated external defibrillator, except as may result from the physician's or physician assistant's gross negligence or wanton acts or omissions.

Idaho

SB 1390 2010
Amends existing immunity for use of automated external defibrillators.

SB 1420 2008
Amends existing immunity for use of automated external defibrillators and adds that the defibrillator must be maintained and tested by the owner of the defibrillator according to the manufacturer’s directions. This bill put wording back in stating that the AED program must have the involvement of a licensed physician who prescribes the AED.

HO 525 2004
Removes the stipulation that the AED program must have a licensed physician write a prescription for the AED.

SB 1299 2004
Provides protection to the physician who wrote the prescription for the AED if the prescription was written in good faith, and provides immunity to anyone who uses it in an emergency setting.

SB 1185 1999
Provides immunity for the use of an AED, stating that a person or business that acquires an AED by a prescription will ensure that expected users of the AED would be trained on the AED unit with standards equivalent to American Heart Association training. That the AED will be maintained and serviced according to manufacturer instructions, that a licensed physician is involved in the AED program, and that emergency medical services is notified as soon as possible after emergency medical treatment commences and that such use is reported to the prescribing physician. If the AED is used, any person who renders the emergency medical treatment will not be held liable for any civil damages resulting from the AED’s use, unless those damages result from willful, wanton, or reckless misconduct or gross negligence.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of a licensed physician in the site's program to ensure compliance with requirements for training, notification, maintenance and guidelines for use.

CPR/AED Training

Expected defibrillator users must receive training equivalent to the CPR and AED training of the American heart association, the American red cross or similar entities.

EMS Notification

Any person or entity who acquires a defibrillator as a result of a prescription shall notify an agent of the emergency communications system or emergency vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location and type of defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest by using a defibrillator must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible, and must report any clinical use of the defibrillator to the prescribing physician.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Physician
No cause of action shall be maintained which arises from the good faith use of a defibrillator in an emergency setting. This immunity from civil liability does not apply if the acts or omissions amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Illinois

HB 5838 2010
Amends physical fitness facility AED requirements by removing the requirements of HB 1279 stating that if a building is not within 300 feet of an outdoor event, the AED trained responder must have the AED unit with him or her during the event. Also stipulates that the size of the area or the number of buildings or floors that occupy a facility shall determine whether or not more than one AED unit be on the premises.

HB 921 2010
Requires a written emergency response plan and an AED in dental offices that administer anesthesia or sedation.

HB 1279 2008
Amends physical fitness facility requirements that indoor and outdoor facilities have an AED on-site. Also specifies that there must be an AED trained user on staff at all physical fitness activities. The outdoor fitness center must have a building within 300 feet of the event or activity with unimpeded access to the AED. If a building is not within that distance, the trained AED user must have the AED unit with him or her during the activity.

HB 1058 2008
Heartsaver AED Fund-Grants – Provides that the Department of Public Health has the power to make matching grants from the Heatsaver AED Fund.

SB 404 2007
Revises Good Samaritan protection to provide immunity for an agency, organization, or individual who sponsors, authorizes, supports, finances, or supervises the training of persons in the use of automated external defibrillators. Provides for similar immunity for an individual who teaches such a course of instruction.

SB 458 2007
Creates the Automated External Defibrillator Act. Provides for training, maintenance, and oversight requirements concerning automated external defibrillators. Training must include complete CPR training in addition to AED training. Establishes immunity protection for the physician who prescribes the AED, the owner of the AED, and the person who owns, occupies or manages the facility where the AED is located and used.

HB 4232 2005
Creates the Physical Fitness Facility Medical Emergency Preparedness Act also known as the Colleen O’Sullivan Law – Requires various indoor physical fitness facilities to have at least one automated external defibrillator. This law does not include health facilities that serve less than 100 individuals, or that is located in a hospital, hotel/motel or any outdoor facility. It also does not apply to facilities that do not employ people who instruct, train or assist people who use the facility. The facilities that are required to have an AED on-site must have had a written emergency response plan in place by July 1, 2005.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of an Illinois licensed physician to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training

An automated external defibrillator should be used only by trained AED users.

EMS Notification

The automated external defibrillator must be registered with the EMS system hospital in the vicinity of where the automated external defibrillator will primarily be located which shall oversee utilization of the automated external defibrillator and ensure that training and maintenance requirements are met.
A person in possession of an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of the local emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of the automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program

The automated external defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines

Notification of Use

Any person who renders out-of-hospital emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator must activate the EMS system as soon as possible and report any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A physician licensed in Illinois to practice medicine in all its branches who authorizes the purchase of an automated external defibrillator is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission arising out of authorizing the purchase of an automated external defibrillator, except for willful or wanton misconduct, if the requirements of this Act are met.
An individual or entity providing training in the use of automated external defibrillators is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission involving the use of an automated external defibrillator, except for willful or wanton misconduct, if the requirements of this Act are met.
A person owning, occupying, or managing the premises where an automated external defibrillator is located is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission involving the use of an automated external defibrillator, except for willful or wanton misconduct, if the requirements of this Act are met.
A trained AED user is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission involving the use of an automated external defibrillator in an emergency situation, except for willful or wanton misconduct, if the requirements of this Act are met.

Indiana

SB 134 2007
Requires automated external defibrillators in health clubs which include: health spas and studios, sports centers, weight control studios, gymnasiums and workout centers in schools, colleges and universities. The AED must be easily accessible and the facility must employ at least one person who has completed and passed a course approved by the American Heart Association or American Red Cross and who is currently certified in CPR and AED use. Provides immunity for persons who render emergency care in good faith.

HB 1106 2006
Revises Good Samaritan protection by removing the requirements that a person or entity acquiring a defibrillator must ensure that the users have completed certain courses and have enlisted a physician for medical direction.

HB 1271 2003
Immunity for defibrillator instructors. Grants immunity from civil liability to certain licensed physicians or the instructor of a person who renders emergency care using an automatic external defibrillator, if the licensed physician or instructor's act or omission does not amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

SB 363 2003
Grants immunity from civil liability to certain licensed physicians or the instructor of a person who renders emergency care using an automatic external defibrillator if the care is not grossly negligent, or if their care does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct.

SB 171 1998
Establishes immunity for users of an automatic external defibrillator but doesn’t include licensed physicians, hospitals or surgical centers, or persons providing care in either of those settings. Stipulates that expected defibrillator users will be trained through the American Heart Association, or an equivalent association on CPR and AED use. The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturers directions. Have a licensed physician involved in the AED program.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A person who gratuitously renders emergency care involving the use of an automatic external defibrillator is immune from liability for any act or omission not amounting to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct if the person fulfills the requirements set forth in IC 16-31-6.5.
(d) This subsection applies to an individual, business, or organization to which IC 16-31-6.5 applies. An individual, business, or organization that allows a person who is an expected user to use an automatic external defibrillator of the individual, business, or organization to in good faith gratuitously render emergency care is immune from civil liability for any damages resulting from an act or omission not amounting to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct by the user or for acquiring or providing the automatic external defibrillator to the user for the purpose of rendering the emergency care if the individual, business, or organization and the user fulfill the requirements set forth in IC 16-31-6.5.
(e) A licensed physician who gives medical direction in the use of a defibrillator or a national or state approved defibrillator instructor of a person who gratuitously renders emergency care involving the use of an automatic external defibrillator is immune from civil liability for any act or omission of the licensed physician or instructor if the act or omission of the licensed physician or instructor:
(1) involves the training for or use of an automatic external defibrillator; and
(2) does not amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Iowa

Kansas

SB 102 2009
Establishes guidelines for automated external defibrillators and provides Good Samaritan protection.

SB 132 2003
Revises immunity protection for use of an AED.

SB 535 1997
Establishes immunity protection for use of an AED.

Requirements
Physician

Physician prescription required.

EMS Notification
Persons or entities which purchase or otherwise acquire an automated external defibrillator shall notify the emergency medical service which operates in the geographic area of the location of the automated external defibrillator

Maintenance Program
A person or entity which owns or leases or possesses or otherwise controls an AED must develop, implement and follow guidelines to ensure proper maintenance and operation of the device.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician, Trainer
1. Any qualified person who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care or treatment by the use of or provision of an automated external defibrillator shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
2. No person or entity which owns, leases, possesses or otherwise controls an automated external defibrillator and provides such automated external defibrillator to others for use shall be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such use where the person or entity which owns, leases, possesses or otherwise controls the automated external defibrillator has developed, implemented and follows guidelines to ensure proper maintenance and operation of the device and reasonably expects the automated external defibrillator to be used by a qualified person.
3. No person licensed to practice medicine and surgery who pursuant to a prescription order authorizes the acquisition of an automated external defibrillator or participates in the development of usual and customary protocols for an automated external defibrillator by a person or entity which owns, leases, possesses or otherwise controls such automated external defibrillator and provides such automated external defibrillator for use by others shall be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such use.
4. No person or entity which teaches or provides a training program for cardiopulmonary resuscitation that includes training in the use of automated external defibrillators shall be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such training or use if such person or entity has provided such training in a manner consistent with the usual and customary standards for the providing of such training.

Kentucky

201 KAR: 8:550e 2011
Emergency legislation pertaining to dentist’s offices that provide conscious sedation and anesthesia. Dentists who provide these services must have an automated external defibrillator in their offices.

HB 383 2009
Requires high school coaches to be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the use of automated external defibrillators; requires automated external defibrillators be on-site for every high school practice, athletic activity or sporting event.

HB 107 2008
An Act pertaining to public and private preschools, elementary schools, secondary schools and athletic buildings, athletic rooms, gymnasiums, swimming pools, athletic fields, etc. and requiring that each entity have at least one USFDA approved automated external defibrillator in each building used by students for learning or athletic-related events.

HB 182 2005
This Act requires, that effective January 1, 2007, it is the duty of AED manufacturers, sales representatives, or businesses to notify the Kentucky Board of Emergency Medical Services (KBEMS) of the location and type of AED in its jurisdiction. Beginning on July 1, 2007 and every July 1 thereafter, it is the duty of KBEMS to notify the local EMS agency, of the location and type of AED in its jurisdiction.

HB 49 2000
Establishes guidelines for AED programs and provides for immunity for use of an automated external defibrillator. The Act also requires that any person or business that acquires an AED shall make sure that the American Heart Association, American Red Cross or other nationally recognized organizations, trains anyone who may use the AED in CPR and AED use.

Requirements
Physician

A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that there is medical oversight of the AED program by a physician licensed in Kentucky to ensure compliance with requirements for training, maintenance, notification, and communication with the local emergency medical services system. The physician providing oversight shall also work with the AED site to establish protocols for AED deployment and conduct a review of each use of an AED.

CPR/AED Training
A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that expected AED users receive American Heart Association or American Red Cross training in CPR and AED use, or an equivalent nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity who acquires an AED shall notify an agent of the local emergency medical services system and the local emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired.

Maintenance Program
A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED must activate the local emergency medical services system as soon as possible and, if an entity with an AED program, reports any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
1. Any person or entity, who in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of the care or treatment, or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as a ordinary, reasonable prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
2. The immunity from civil liability for any personal injury under subsection (1) of this section includes the licensed physician who is involved with AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED training, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located.
3. The immunity from civil liability under subsection (1) of this section does not apply if the personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care.

Louisiana

HB 67 2010
Provides Good Samaritan Protection during a medical emergency that includes an automated external defibrillator.

HR 1 2009
A resolution requesting that the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals look into the possibility of requiring placement of AEDs in schools.

SR 164 2008
Resolution asking the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to study the practicality of acquiring and requiring that AEDs be placed in every public high school.

HB 1584 2004
Requires automated external defibrillators (AEDS) to be located on the premises of physical fitness facilities. Also requires AEDs for any institution of higher education that competes in intercollegiate athletics.

HB 1543 2004
Amends immunity protection to include private security personnel.

SB 100 1999
Establishes requirements for any person or entity who possesses an automated external defibrillator and to encourage more AEDs be made available in communities throughout the state. This law also requires that the training, testing and notification requirements be the responsibility of the AED manufacturer.

Requirements
Physician

A licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse who is authorized to prescribe must be involved in the possessor's program to ensure compliance with the requirements for training, emergency medical service (EMS) notification, and maintenance. Any clinical use of the AED must be reported to the licensed physician or advanced practice registered nurse involved in the possessor's program.

CPR/AED Training
Expected AED users regularly, on the premises of a particular entity, such as a work site, must receive appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and in the use of an AED by the American Heart Association or by any other nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity which possesses an AED shall notify the bureau of emergency medical services in the office of public health of the Department of Health and Hospitals and a local provider of emergency medical services, such as 911 service, local ambulance service, or the fire department of the acquisition, location, and type of AED.

Maintenance Program
Any person or entity who possesses an AED shall ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Notification of Use
The emergency medical services system must be activated as soon as possible when an individual renders emergency care to an individual in cardiac arrest by using an AED.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
In addition to the civil immunity provided to persons rendering emergency assistance as provided by law, including R.S. 9:2793, R.S. 37:1731, 1732, and 1735, and R.S. 40:1231.2, any prescribing advanced practice registered nurse or physician who authorizes the purchase of the AED, any physician or advanced practice registered nurse involved in the possessor's program, any individual or entity which provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the use of an AED, any purchaser of an AED, any person or entity who owns or who is responsible for the site or the private security patrol vehicle where an AED is located, and any expected user regularly on the premises or in the vehicle shall not be liable for any civil damages arising from any act or omission of acts related to the operation of or failure to operate an AED that do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.

Maine

LD 1139 (HP 845) 2011
An act suggesting that high school students receive CPR and AED instruction prior to graduation.

LD 1073 (HP 808) 2011
An act suggesting that health clubs be required to carry AEDs.

Chapter 267 2007
An Act to require automated external defibrillators in schools serving grades kindergarten to 12 and at school sponsored athletic events.

Chapter 421 2001
Establishes requirements for an AED program.

Requirements

Physician
A person who owns or leases an AED shall consult with a licensed physician for technical assistance in the selection and storage location of an AED, training of potential operators, protocols for use and use review.

CPR/AED Training
A person may not use an AED on another person unless the person using the AED has successfully completed a course, approved by the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association or the department, in the use and operation of the AED,

EMS Notification
A person who owns or leases an AED shall notify the Maine Emergency Medical Services within the department of the existence, location and type of AED the person possesses.

Maintenance Program
A person who owns or leases an AED shall maintain and test the AED in accordance with the applicable standards of the manufacturer and any other standards prescribed by the department.

Notification of Use
A person who owns or leases an AED shall notify the Maine Emergency Medical Services within the department of the clinical use made of the AED.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
The following persons and entities are immune from civil liability for damages relating to the use, possession or purchase of an AED and arising out of acts or omissions relating to preparing for and responding to suspected sudden cardiac arrest emergencies absent gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct:
A. Any person or entity that acquires an AED;
B. Any person or entity that owns, manages or is otherwise responsible for the premises on which an AED is located;
C. Any person who retrieves an AED in response to a perceived sudden cardiac arrest emergency;
D. Any person who uses, attempts to use or fails to use an AED in response to a perceived sudden cardiac arrest emergency;
E. Any physician or other authorized person who issues a prescription for the purchase of an AED;
F. Any person or entity that is involved with the design, management or operation of an AED program; and
G. Any person or entity that provides instruction in the use of an AED.

Maryland

SB 990 2011
An Act, taking effect October 1, 2011, requiring that swimming pools owned and operated by a county or municipality in Maryland, shall develop and implement an AED program.

HB 293 2010
A bill prohibiting anyone from practicing physical therapy in the State if there is not an AED in the treatment area of the office. Also required is that a staff member who has been CPR trained and who has been trained on the use of an AED, is available and on-site when physical therapy is being performed.

HB 1556 2008
An Act requiring that each courthouse in the state have and implement an AED program and that individuals trained in their use be present and accessible during business hours.

SB 579 & HB 1134 2008
Altering the circumstances under which an individual is immune from civil liability for providing automated external defibrillation; and providing that immunity from liability is not available to individuals for specified conduct that is grossly negligent, willful or wanton misconduct, or intentionally tortious conduct.

SB 570 2008
Renaming the Automated External Defibrillator Program to be the Public Access Automated External Defibrillator Program; repealing the authority of the State Emergency Medical Services Board to set and require fees for the issuance and renewal of certificates under the program; authorizing the Board to approve educational and training programs that include training in automated external defibrillation; etc.

SB 330 2008
An Act requiring that each county or municipality owned swimming pool develop and implement an AED program and that an individual trained on its use be present during business hours.

SB 742 2007
An Act requiring a study for whether automated external defibrillators should be provided on-site at swimming pools in the State.

HB 211 2006
An Act requiring health clubs to have AEDs on the premises.

HB 1200 2006
Requires every school in the state to have an AED on the premises and at all school-sponsored athletic events.

HB 21 2005
An Act requiring that nursing homes and assisted living facilities have AEDs on-site with AED trained individuals on-site constantly.

HB 1054 2005
Repealing specified limitations on individual use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs); altering qualifications for EMS Board certificates for facilities that desire to make AEDs available; defining specified terms; etc.

SB 294 1999
Establishes requirements for implementing an automated external defibrillator program.

Requirements

Physician
Must have a sponsoring physician.

CPR/AED Training
Each individual who operates an automated external defibrillator must successfully complete an educational training course and refresher training as required by the EMS Board.

EMS Notification
A facility must be registered with the closest jurisdictional emergency medical services operational program.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained, operated, and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines. Must have written records of the maintenance and tested of each automated external defibrillator as required by the EMS Board.

Notification of Use
Notification of the emergency medical services through the use of the 911 universal emergency access number as soon as possible is required on the use of an automated external defibrillator. Must also notify the closest jurisdictional emergency medical services operational program.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Physician
IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER IMMUNITIES AVAILABLE UNDER STATUTORY OR COMMON LAW, AN AUTHORIZED FACILITY IS NOT CIVILLY LIABLE FOR ANY ACT OR OMISSION IN THE PROVISION OF AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION IF THE AUTHORIZED FACILITY:
(I) HAS SATISFIED THE REQUIREMENTS FOR MAKING AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION AVAILABLE UNDER THIS SECTION; AND
(II) POSSESSES A VALID CERTIFICATE AT THE TIME OF THE ACT OR OMISSION. IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER IMMUNITIES AVAILABLE UNDER STATUTORY OR COMMON LAW, THE SPONSORING PHYSICIAN OF AN AUTHORIZED FACILITY IS NOT CIVILLY LIABLE FOR ANY ACT OR OMISSION IN THE PROVISION OF AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION.
IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER IMMUNITIES AVAILABLE UNDER STATUTORY OR COMMON LAW, AN INDIVIDUAL IS NOT CIVILLY LIABLE FOR ANY ACT OR OMISSION IF:
(I) THE INDIVIDUAL IS ACTING IN GOOD FAITH WHILE RENDERING AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION TO A PERSON WHO IS A VICTIM OR REASONABLY BELIEVED BY THE INDIVIDUAL TO BE A VICTIM OF A SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST;
(II) THE AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION IS PROVIDED WITHOUT FEE OR OTHER COMPENSATION; AND
(III) 1. THE ACT OR OMISSION OCCURS WHILE THE INDIVIDUAL IS PROVIDING AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION AT AN AUTHORIZED FACILITY;
2. THE INDIVIDUAL HAS SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETED AN AED TRAINING COURSE AND IS AUTHORIZED TO PROVIDE AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATION;
3. THE INDIVIDUAL IS USING AN AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATOR OBTAINED BY A PRESCRIPTION ISSUED BY A PHYSICIAN; OR
4. THE INDIVIDUAL IS A MEMBER OR EMPLOYEE OF ANY GOVERNMENTAL OR VOLUNTEER FIRE OR RESCUE COMPANY OR A COMMERCIAL AMBULANCE SERVICE.
THE IMMUNITIES IN THIS SUBSECTION ARE NOT AVAILABLE IF THE CONDUCT OF THE AUTHORIZED FACILITY OR THE INDIVIDUAL AMOUNTS TO GROSS NEGLIGENCE, WILLFUL OR WANTON MISCONDUCT, OR INTENTIONALLY TORTUOUS CONDUCT.

Massachusetts

S0 1123 2011
A bill requiring that all public schools in the state have an AED on-site, and an AED trained individual available during school hours and at school-sponsored events, including those off campus.

S0 0261 2011
A bill requiring that all coaches have current certification in CPR and AED use from the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross or other nationally recognized organization.

SB 2681 2006
Requires AEDs in health clubs

Chapter 142 1999
Expands on Good Samaritan protection.

Chapter 137 1998
Establishes immunity for CPR and use of an AED.

Requirements
Physician

Each AED provider should contract with an AED medical director, who shall be responsible for ensuring that the AED agency complies with AED maintenance, AED provider training and notice requirements.

CPR/AED Training
An AED provider is a person who has successfully complete a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the use of an AED that meets or exceeds the standards established by the American Heart Association or the American National Red Cross and whose evidence of successful course completion has not expired.

EMS Notification
Prior to implementation of its public access defibrillation program, the AED provider should notify the local police and the emergency medical services provider of the number, type and location of the AED in its possession.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Each AED provider, in each instance of responding to a request for emergency care or treatment, should contact the police or emergency medical services in the city or town in which they are located and provide a report to its AED medical director.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer
Any AED provider who in good faith renders emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation or automatic external defibrillation, in accordance with his training through a public access defibrillation program, to any person who apparently requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation or defibrillation, shall not be liable for acts or omissions, other than gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct, resulting from the rendering of emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation or defibrillation.

Michigan

HB 4436 2009
A bill stipulating that if additional funds are available in the budget, that automated external defibrillator grants, EMT training and support, be provided.

HB 4446 2009
A bill stating that state parks shall have an appropriate number of AEDs available and that donations of AED can be accepted.

SB 1274 2007
An Act that requires the life support vehicles that are dispatched to provide medical first response life support, basic life support, or limited advanced life support be equipped with an AED and that emergency services personnel be trained in the operation of the AED.

SB 1095 2007
A bill providing grants for schools to purchase automated external defibrillators.

SB 310 2005
Requires AEDs in all health clubs.

HR 0330 2002
A resolution urging the Department of Community Health to start a public information campaign about the importance of AEDs.

HB 4420 1999
Establishes Good Samaritan protection.

Requirements
Physician

Prescription required for purchase of an AED.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
An individual who having no duty to do so in good faith voluntarily renders cardiopulmonary resuscitation and/or services to another individual using an automated external defibrillator is not liable in a civil action for damages resulting from an act or omission in rendering the cardiopulmonary resuscitation, except an act or omission that constitutes gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

Minnesota

HB 739 2011
A Act stipulating that beginning January 1, 2014, at least one approved AED must be placed in every school building, including early childhood centers and adult education centers, that have more than 25 people occupying the building at one time.

Chapter 107 S.F. No 567 2009
Encourages school districts to include cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automatic external defibrillator instruction as part of their curriculum.

Chapter 107 S.F. 824 2001
Clarifies immunity from liability.

Chapter 329 S.F. 2861 1998
Establishes immunity from liability for use of an AED.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer
A person who, without compensation or the expectation of compensation, renders emergency care, advice, or assistance at the scene of an emergency or during transit to a location where professional medical care can be rendered, is not liable for any civil damages as a result of acts or omissions by that person in rendering the emergency care, advice, or assistance, unless the person acts in a willful and wanton or reckless manner in providing the care, advice, or assistance.

Mississippi

HB 954 1999
Expands on Good Samaritan protection.

HB 954 1999
Establishes requirements for AED placement and provides for immunity protection.

Requirements

Physician
A Mississippi licensed physician must exercise medical control authority over the person using the AED to ensure compliance with requirements for training, emergency medical services (EMS) notification and maintenance.

CPR/AED Training
The person using the AED must have received appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and in the use of an AED by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, National Safety Council or other nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in sudden cardiac death by using an AED must activate the EMS system as soon as possible, and report any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
(1) No duly licensed, practicing physician, physician assistant, dentist, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, certified registered emergency medical technician, or any other person who, in good faith and in the exercise of reasonable care, renders emergency care to any injured person at the scene of an emergency, or in transporting the injured person to a point where medical assistance can be reasonably expected, shall be liable for any civil damages to the injured person as a result of any acts committed in good faith and in the exercise of reasonable care or omissions in good faith and in the exercise of reasonable care by such persons in rendering the emergency care to the injured person.
(2) (a) Any person who in good faith, with or without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) in accordance with the provisions of Sections 41-60-31 through 41-60-35, as well as the person responsible for the site where the AED is located if the person has provided for compliance with the provisions of sections 41-60-31 through 41-60-35, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of that care or treatment, or as a result of any act, or failure to act, in providing or arranging further medical treatment, where the person acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances and the person's actions or failure to act does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.
     (b) A person who has not complied with the provisions of Sections 41-60-31 through 41-60-35, but who has access to an AED and uses it in good faith in an emergency as an ordinary prudent person would have done in the same or similar circumstances, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of an act or omission related to the operation of or failure to operate an AED if the person's actions or failure to act do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence.
(3) The immunity from civil liability for any personal injury under subsection (2) * * * of this section includes the licensed physician who authorizes, directs or supervises the installation or provision of AED equipment in or on any premises or conveyance other than a medical facility, the owner of the premises where an AED is used, the purchaser of the AED, a person who uses an AED during an emergency for the purpose of attempting to save the life of another person who is or who appears to be in cardiac arrest, and the person who provides the CPR and AED training.
(4) The immunity from civil liability under subsection
(2) * * * of this section does not apply if the personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care.

Missouri

HB 103 2009
The "Public Access to Automated External Defibrillator Act" - Expands Good Samaritan protection.

HB 1195 2004
Revises requirements for an automated external defibrillator program.

SB 1107 2002
Encourages counties, municipalities to implement an automated external defibrillator program and revises the requirements.

HB 1668 1998
Establishes requirements for an automated external defibrillator program and provides Good Samaritan protection.

Requirements

Physician
Any person that owns an automated external defibrillator that is for use outside of a health care facility shall have a physician provide medical protocol for the use of the device.

CPR/AED Training
A person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that expected defibrillator users receive training by the American Red Cross or American Heart Association in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of automated external defibrillators, or an equivalent nationally recognized course in defibrillator use and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify the emergency communications district or the ambulance dispatch center of the primary provider of emergency medical services where the automated external defibrillator is to be located.

Maintenance Program
A person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator shall activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person who has had appropriate training, including a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, has demonstrated a proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator, and who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency care when medically appropriate by use of or provision of an automated external defibrillator, without objection of the injured victim or victims thereof, shall not be held liable for any civil damages as a result of such care or treatment, where the person acts as an ordinarily reasonable, prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances unless the person acts in a willful and wanton or reckless manner in providing the care, advice, or assistance. The person or entity who provides appropriate training to the person using an automated external defibrillator, the person or entity responsible for the site where the automated external defibrillator is located, the person or entity that owns the automated external defibrillator, the person or entity that provided clinical protocol for automated external defibrillator sites or programs, and the licensed physician who reviews and approves the clinical protocol shall likewise not be held liable for civil damages resulting from the use of an automated external defibrillator, provided that all other requirements of this section have been met

Montana

SB 7 2009
Rules amending the Montana Code Annotated (MCA) by requiring reporting requirements for each use of an AED, training requirements for CPR and AED use, medical oversight guidelines, a list of training programs approved by the department.

SB 95 2007
Amends physician requirements for medical oversight of an AED program.

HB 126 1999
Establishes requirements for AED placement and provides for immunity protection.

Requirements

Physician
Medical oversight must be provided.

CPR/AED Training
Before using the AED, an individual authorized to operate the AED must receive appropriate training approved by the department in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the proper use of an AED.

EMS Notification
AED use must be coordinated with an emergency medical service providing services in the area where the AED is located. Before allowing any use of an AED, must provide the following to all licensed emergency medical services and any public safety answering point or emergency dispatch center providing services to the area where the AED is located:
• a copy of the plan prepared pursuant to this section; and
• written notice, in a format prescribed by department rules, stating: 
• What an AED program is established by the entity;
• where the AED is located; and
• how the use of the AED is to be coordinated with the local emergency medical service system;

Maintenance Program
In order for an entity to use or allow the use of an automated external defibrillator, the entity shall establish a program for the use of an AED that includes a written plan. The plan must specify where the AED will be placed, and the individuals who are authorized to operate the AED. The AED must be maintained, tested, and operateed according to the manufacturer's guidelines and written records of all maintenance and testing performed on the AED must be maintained.

Notification of Use
Each time an AED is used for an individual in cardiac arrest, it is required that an emergency medical service is summoned to provide assistance as soon as possible and that the AED use is reported to the department as required by the written plan.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
(1) An individual who provides emergency care or treatment by using an AED in compliance with [sections 2 through 7] and rules adopted by the department pursuant to [section 4] and an individual providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation to an individual upon whom an AED is or may be used are immune from civil liability for a personal injury that results from that care or treatment or from civil liability as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment for the individual upon whom the AED was used unless the individual using the AED or the person providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, as applicable, acts with gross negligence or with willful or with wanton disregard for the care of the person upon whom the AED is or may be used.
(2) The following individuals or entities are immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from an act or omission that does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence if applicable provisions of [sections 2 through 7] and rules adopted by the department pursuant to [section 4] have been met by the individual or entity:
(a) a person providing medical oversight of the AED program as designated in the plan prepared pursuant to [section 3];
(b) the entity responsible for the AED program, as designated in the plan prepared pursuant to [section 3];
(c) an individual providing training to others on the use of an AED.

Nebraska

HB 1136 2008
Limits the training requirement for automated external defibrillator use to anticipated responders.

SB 179 2007
An Act establishing an AED advisory commission to encourage all schools to have AEDs at all school locations.

SB 386 2002
Establishes an automated external defibrillator registry in the department of safety, and requires commercial owners to register their devices.

SB 67 1999
Provides for immunity protection, requires training.

Requirements

Physician
Physician prescription required.

CPR/AED Training
Every person, association, corporation or other organization that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall require anticipated responders expected to use the automated external defibrillator to receive training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator use.

EMS Notification
The owner of an automated external defibrillator shall register with the department of safety under RSA 153-A:32 within 30 days of acquisition.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser
Any person who, in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care by the use of an automatic external defibrillator shall not be liable for civil damages for any acts or omissions unless the acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton. Any person, association, corporation or other organization that acquires and maintains an automatic external defibrillator for emergency care shall not be liable for civil damages other than for gross negligence or willful and wanton acts or omissions. This section shall not limit civil liability protection provided by any other law.

Nevada

SB 244 2009
Requires registration of automated external defibrillators, authorizes all public schools to acquire AEDs,

AB 327 2005
Removes the requirement that a person who provided emergency medical care with an AED must have had training on its use in order to be exempt from civil liability.

AB 441 2003
Requires automated external defibrillators in high schools, some state facilities, and some county facilities. Allows for AED placement in medical facilities and health clubs. Establishes guidelines for AED programs.

AB 409 1999
Expands immunity protection.

AB 147 1997
Provides for immunity protection.

Requirements
Physician

Physician prescription required.

CPR/AED Training
Any employee who will use a defibrillator is required to complete the training requirements of a course in basic emergency care of a person in cardiac arrest that includes training in the operation and use of an automated external defibrillator and is conducted in accordance with the standards of the American Heart Association, the American National Red Cross or any similar organization.

Notification
A person who purchases an automated external defibrillator for commercial use in this State may register the defibrillator with the Health Division by providing the Health Division with his name, street address and telephone number, the name, street address and telephone number of the business or organization on whose premises the defibrillator will be placed for use, and the specific location at which the defibrillator will be stored.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Trainer, Purchaser
Except as otherwise provided in NRS 41.505, any person in this state who renders emergency care or assistance in an emergency, gratuitously and in good faith, is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, by him in rendering the emergency care or assistance or as a result of any act or failure to act, not amounting to gross negligence, to provide or arrange for further medical treatment for the injured person.
Any person who:
(a) Has successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation according to the guidelines of the American National Red Cross or American Heart Association;
(b) Has successfully completed the training requirements of a course in basic emergency care of a person in cardiac arrest conducted in accordance with the standards of the American Heart Association; or
(c) Is directed by the instructions of a dispatcher for an ambulance, air ambulance or other agency that provides emergency medical services before its arrival at the scene of the emergency, and who in good faith renders cardiopulmonary resuscitation in accordance with his training or the direction, other than in the course of his regular employment or profession, is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, by that person in rendering that care.
Any person who:
(a) Has successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and
training in the operation and use of an automated external defibrillator that were conducted in accordance with the standards of the American Heart Association or the American National Red Cross; and
(b) Gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency medical care involving the use of an automated external defibrillator in accordance with his training , is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, by that person in rendering that care.
9. A person or governmental entity that provided the requisite training set forth in subsection 8 to a person who renders emergency care in accordance with subsection 8 is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, by the person rendering such care .
10. A business or organization that has placed an automated external defibrillator for use on its premises is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, by the person rendering such care or for providing the automated external defibrillator to the person for the purpose of rendering such care if the business or organization:
(a) Complies with all current federal and state regulations governing the use and placement of an automated external defibrillator;
(b) Ensures that only a person who has at least the qualifications set forth in subsection 8 uses the automated external defibrillator to provide care;
(c) Ensures that the automated external defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the operational guidelines established by the manufacturer; and
(d) Establishes and maintains a program to ensure compliance with current regulations, requirements for training, requirements for notification of emergency medical assistance and guidelines for the maintenance of the equipment.
11. As used in this section, “gratuitously” means that the person receiving care or assistance is not required or expected to pay any compensation or other remuneration for receiving the care or assistance.

New Hampshire

New Jersey

AR 84 2010
Urges all boards of education in the State to install automated external defibrillators.

SR 75 2010
Urges boards of education to improve staff and student preparation for medical emergencies involving sudden cardiac arrest.

SB 2146 2009
Requires assisted living facilities to have a defibrillator on site and employees trained.

SB 2567 2006
Requires AEDs in health clubs.

AB 908 2004
Requires nursing homes to have a defibrillator on site and employees trained.

A 2321 1999
Establishes requirements and immunity from civil liability for certain persons who use Defibrillators.

Requirements

Physician
Must have involvement of a licensed physician to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training
A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that any person, prior to using that defibrillator, has successfully completed and holds a current certification from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association or other training program recognized by the Department of Health and Senior Services in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of a defibrillator.

EMS Notification
A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify the appropriate first aid, ambulance or rescue squad or other appropriate emergency medical services provider that the person or entity has acquired the defibrillator, the type acquired and its location.

Maintenance Program
A person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who uses a defibrillator shall request emergency medical assistance from the appropriate first aid, ambulance or rescue squad as soon as practicable.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Physician, Trainer
Any person or entity who, in good faith, acquires or provides a defibrillator, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of a defibrillator or supervises such care or treatment and, who has complied with the requirements of this act, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of such care or treatment, or as a result of any acts or omissions by the person or entity in providing, rendering or supervising the emergency care or treatment.
The immunity provided in subsection a. of this section shall include the prescribing licensed physician and the person or entity who provided the training in cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and use of the defibrillator.
This subsection shall not immunize a person for any act of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct. It shall not be considered gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct to fail to use a defibrillator in the absence of an otherwise preexisting duty to do so.

New Mexico

HB 309 2010
This bill sets forth athletic trainer licensing requirements and requirements for renewal of their licenses, which may require proof of certification in the use of automated external defibrillators.

HB 639 2007
Updates Good Samaritan Protection.

SB 527 2007
An Act to implement rules for establishing a sudden cardiac arrest and AED program.

HB 375 1999
Provides certain requirements for entities establishing a defibrillation program and establishes Good Samaritan protection.

Requirements

Physician
A person who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that a physician medical director oversees all aspects of the automated external defibrillator program, including training, emergency medical services coordination, protocol approval, automated external defibrillator deployment strategies and other program requirements, and that the physician medical director provides overall quality assurance and reviews each case in which the automated external defibrillator is used by the program.

CPR/AED Training
Trained targeted responder should receive appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in the use of an automated external defibrillator by a nationally recognized course in cardiopulmonary response and automated external defibrillator use approved by the department or other training programs authorized by the department.

EMS Notification
The AED must be registered with the Department of Health. The local emergency medical services and local 911 agencies must be notified of the AED program.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator must activate the emergency medical system as soon as possible, and reports any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator physician medical director.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A. A physician medical director of an automated external defibrillator program, a person who provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator and a person responsible for a defibrillation program are immune from civil liability for any personal injury or death that results from any act or failure to act that does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence provided there is compliance with the requirements of the Cardiac Arrest Response Act.
B. An owner of the property or facility where an automated external defibrillator is located is immune from civil liability for any personal injury or death that results from any act or failure to act that does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence; provided there is compliance with the requirements of the Cardiac Arrest Response Act.
C. An automated external defibrillator trained targeted responder is immune from civil liability for any personal injury or death that results from any act or failure to act if:
(1) the trained targeted responder acts as an ordinary, reasonable prudent person would act under the same or similar circumstances;
(2) the trained targeted responder's act or failure to act does not amount to willful or wanton misconduct
or gross negligence; and
(3) there is compliance with the requirements of the Cardiac Arrest Response Act.

New York

SR 827 2011
A bill that encourages school districts to provide training for athletic coaches on AED use.

AB 8741 2010
Amends immunity protection to include businesses, entities, partnerships, corporations, or societies.

AB 2988 2008
Requires swimming facilities to maintain an AED

AB 1044 2007
Requires buildings and facilities to indicate the location of AEDs at the entrance of a building or facility.

SB 7001 2006
Requires places of public assembly to maintain an automated external defibrillator and to have at least one employee who is trained in its use.

AB 236 2005
Requires that the correct use of automated external defibrillators be taught in health class at senior high schools.

AB 2106 2003
This Act provides a tax credit for the purchase of an AED.

AB 5084 2003
Requires health clubs with more than 500 persons to have at least one automated external defibrillator.

AB 4421 2003
Makes it a duty of a superintendent or chief executive officer of public institutions and buildings of the State to equip each such building with an automated external defibrillator.

AB 10577 2002
Requires AEDs in public schools.

Requirements
Physician

Must have involvement of a licensed physician to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training
No person may operate an AED unless the person has successfully completed a training course in the operation of an AED approved by a nationally-recognized organization or the state emergency medical services council, and the completion of the course was recent enough to still be effective under the standards of the approving organization. Personnel trained in AED response and use will have annual updates to ensure the ability to adequately operate the equipment, should the need arise. An approved NYS DOH training program will be utilized. Training must be ongoing in order to instill knowledge and skills regarding CPR.

EMS Notification
The public access defibrillation provider shall notify the regional council of the existence, location and type of any automated external defibrillator it possesses.

Maintenance Program
The public access defibrillation provider shall cause the automated external defibrillator to be maintained and tested according to applicable standards of the manufacturer and any appropriate government agency. Every use of an AED shall be promptly reported to the emergency health care provider. There are additional requirements for entities establishing an AED program in New York City.

Notification of Use
Every use of an AED on a patient shall be immediately reported to the appropriate local emergency medical services system, emergency communications center or emergency vehicle dispatch center as appropriate and promptly reported to the emergency health care provider.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician
Any person who voluntarily and without expectation of monetary compensation renders first aid or emergency treatment at the scene of an accident or other emergency outside a hospital, doctor's office or any other place having proper and necessary medical equipment, to a person who is unconscious, ill, or injured, shall not be liable for damages for injuries alleged to have been sustained by such person or for damages for the death of such person alleged to have occurred by reason of an act or omission in the rendering of such emergency treatment unless it is established that such injuries were or such death was caused by gross negligence on the part of such person. The operation of an AED pursuant to this section (3000) shall be considered first aid or emergency treatment for the purpose of any statute relating to liability.
A person who, or entity, partnership, corporation, firm or society that, purchases or makes available resuscitation equipment that facilitates first aid, as required by law or local law, shall not be liable for damages arising either from the use of that equipment by a person who voluntarily and without expectation of monetary compensation renders first aid or emergency treatment at the scene of an accident or medical emergency, or from the use of defectively manufactured equipment; provided that this subdivision shall not limit the person's or entity's, partnership's, corporation's, firm's or society's liability for his, her or its own negligence, gross negligence or intentional misconduct.
An emergency health care provider (EHCP) under collaborative agreement with respect to an AED shall not be liable for damages arising from the use of that equipment by a person who voluntarily and without expectation of monetary compensation renders first aid or emergency treatment at the scene of an accident or medical emergency, or from the use of defectively manufactured equipment; provided that this subdivision shall not limit the EHCP's own negligence, gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

North Carolina

HB 1433 2009
Clarifies immunity for volunteers using automated external defibrillators in emergency situations.

SB 118 2001
A bill stating that using an automated external defibrillator is not considered practicing medicine or surgery.

SB 1269 1999
Establishes Good Samaritan protection for AED use.

Requirements

CPR/AED Training
The person responsible for the site where the AED is located must provide a program of training to be eligible for immunity.

Physician
A physician licensed in North Carolina needed for prescription.

EMS Notification
In order to enhance public health and safety, a seller of an AED shall notify the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Facilities Services, Office of EMS of the existence, location, and type of AED.

Good Samaritan Protection

Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person, including a volunteer medical or health care provider at a facility of a local health department as defined in G.S. 130A-2 or at a nonprofit community health center or a volunteer member of a rescue squad, who receives no compensation for his services as an emergency medical care provider, who renders first aid or emergency health care treatment to a person who is unconscious, ill or injured,
1 When the reasonably apparent circumstances require prompt decisions and actions in medical or other health care, and
2 When the necessity of immediate health care treatment is so reasonably apparent that any delay in the rendering of the treatment would seriously worsen the physical condition or endanger the life of the person, shall not be liable for damages for injuries alleged to have been sustained by the person or for damages for the death of the person alleged to have occurred by reason of an act or omission in the rendering of the treatment unless it is established that the injuries were or the death was caused by gross negligence, wanton conduct or intentional wrongdoing on the part of the person rendering the treatment. The limited immunity conferred in this section applies to any person who provides medical care in an emergency situation, whether or not the person is trained in the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) or other medical device, or has training in health care, so long as the person receives no compensation for the person's services and otherwise meets the requirements of this section.
The person who provides the cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator training to a person using an automated external defibrillator, the person responsible for the site where the automated external defibrillator is located when the person has provided for a program of training, and a North Carolina licensed physician writing a prescription without compensation for an automated external defibrillator whether or not required by any federal or state law, shall be immune from civil liability arising from the use of an automated external defibrillator used in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.

North Dakota

HB 1108 2007
An Act that stipulates who is immune from civil liability after using an AED. It applies to licensed physicians, AED trainers, and the person who is responsible for the site on which the AED is located.

SB 2313 2007
Provides for the purchase and distribution of automated external defibrillators to schools.

HB 1226 2005
Removes the requirement to notify the state department of health of an automated external defibrillator.

HB 1242 1999
Provides automated external defibrillator site requirements and civil liability immunity for use of an AED.

Requirements

Physician
Must consider recommendations of a licensed physician in establishing the training, notification, and maintenance requirements of this subsection.

CPR/AED Training
Every individual expected to use the automated external defibrillator must receive American heart association or American red cross training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator use or an equivalent nationally recognized course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator use.

Maintenance Program
Must maintain and test the automated external defibrillator according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who provides emergency care or treatment to an individual in cardiac arrest by using the automated external defibrillator shall contact as soon as possible an appropriate health care provider or emergency medical services provider.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person who in good faith and without compensation provides emergency care or emergency treatment by using an automated external defibrillator is immune from civil liability for any personal injury resulting from the emergency care or emergency treatment and for any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment if the person providing the emergency care or emergency treatment acted as an ordinary, reasonable, prudent person would act under the same or similar circumstances. This subsection does not apply if a personal injury results from the gross negligence or from the willful or wanton misconduct of the person providing the emergency care or emergency treatment.
The immunity provision of subsection 2 applies to a licensed physician under subdivision e of subsection 1, the person who provides the training under subdivision b of subsection 1, and the person responsible for the site on which the automated external defibrillator is located.

Ohio

HB 434 2004
Calls for placement of AEDs in public schools and provides for funding.

HB 717 1998
Establishes immunity protection and requirements for AED programs.

Requirements

Physician
Must consult with a physician regarding compliance with the requirements.

CPR/AED Training
A person who possesses an automated external defibrillator shall require expected users to complete successfully a course in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation that is offered or approved by the American heart association or another nationally recognized organization.

EMS Notification
A person who possesses an automated external defibrillator may notify an emergency medical services organization of the location of the defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
Must maintain and test the defibrillator according to the manufacturer's guidelines;

Notification of Use
An emergency medical services system shall be activated as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Physician, Trainer
Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct, no physician shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property for providing a prescription for an automated external defibrillator approved for use as a medical device by the United States food and drug administration or consulting with a person regarding the use and maintenance of a defibrillator.
Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property for providing training in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct or when there is no good faith attempt to activate an emergency medical services system in accordance with section 3701.85 of the Revised Code, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or held criminally liable, for performing automated external defibrillation in good faith, regardless of whether the person has obtained appropriate training on how to perform automated external defibrillation or successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Oklahoma

SB 745 2009
Revises immunity protection and AED placement requirements.

SB 923 2008
Mandates that automated external defibrillators be made available in schools.

HB 2154 2004
Revises immunity protection and AED placement requirements.

HB 1190 1999
Establishes immunity protection and AED placement requirements.

Requirements

Physician
Physician prescription required.

EMS Notification
An entity or individual who owns, leases, possesses or otherwise controls an automated external defibrillator shall communicate to the proper first responder the locations and placements of the automated external defibrillator.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person who, in good faith and without expectation of compensation, renders emergency care or treatment outside of a medical facility by the use of an automated external defibrillator shall be immune from civil liability for personal injury which results from the use of the device, except for acts of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct in the use of such device.
Course directors and trainers who have completed the training required by the State Department of Health for teaching courses in the use of automated external defibrillators and cardiopulmonary resuscitation shall be immune from civil liability for personal injury which results from the use of the device, except for acts of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct in the teaching of such training courses.
A prescribing physician who, in good faith and without expectation of compensation, writes a prescription for the use of an automated external defibrillator to render emergency care or treatment shall be immune from civil liability for personal injury which results from the use of the device, except for acts of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct in the prescribing of the device.
An entity or individual who owns, leases, possesses, or otherwise controls an automated external defibrillator shall be immune from civil liability for personal injury which results from the use of the device, except for acts of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct

Oregon

SB 1033 2010
Requires AEDs in all public and private schools.

SB 1006 2010
Requires an AED in community colleges and schools of higher education.
Revises the requirement for a defibrillator in health clubs.

SB 556 2009
Requires at least one automated external defibrillator on the premises for business with 50,000 or more square feet and at least 25 people congregating per day.

HB 3482 2005
Provides immunity protection for use or nonuse of an AED.
Calls for providing automated external defibrillators in schools.
Requires an AED in health clubs.

SJR 32 2001
Urges the placement of automated external defibrillators in state, city, county, and other government buildings and public places.

SB 313 1999
Establishes Good Samaritan protection.

Requirements
Physician

Physician prescription required.

CPR/AED Training
A sufficient number of employees must receive training in the use of an automated external defibrillator so that at least one trained employee may be reasonably expected to be present at the public setting during regular business hours.

Maintenance Program
The AED must be maintained, inspected and serviced, the battery for the automated external defibrillator and the electrodes for the automated external defibrillator must be in accordance with guidelines set forth by the manufacturer. The automated external defibrillator must be stored in a location from which it can be quickly retrieved during regular business hours. Must clearly indicate the presence and location of each automated external defibrillator.

Notification of Use
Must establish a policy to call 9-1-1 to activate the emergency medical services system as soon as practicable after the potential need for the automated external defibrillator is recognized.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A person may not bring a cause of action against another person for damages for injury, death or loss that result from acts or omissions involving the use, attempted use or nonuse of an automated external defibrillator when the other person:
(a) Used or attempted to use an automated external defibrillator;
(b) Was present when an automated external defibrillator was used or should have been used;
(c) Provided training in the use of an automated external defibrillator;
(d) Is a physician and provided services related to the placement or use of an automated external defibrillator;
(e) Possesses or controls one or more automated external defibrillators placed in a public setting and reasonably complied with the requirements.

Pennsylvania

HB 996 2001
Establishes a one-time automatic external defibrillator program to assist school entities in acquiring automatic external defibrillator.

HB 1897 1998
Provides for Good Samaritan civil immunity for use of an automated external defibrillator.

Requirements

Physician
Must have physician approval of AED purchase. State EMS office recommends use of a physician medical director.

CPR/AED Training
Expected AED users shall complete training in the use of an AED provided by teh American National Red Cross or the American Heart Association or through an equivalent course of instruction approved by the department of health in consultation with a technical committee of the Pennsylvania Emergency Health Services Council.

EMS Notification
The Pensylvania State EMS Office recommends notifying the regional EMS council and local EMS providers and/or local 911 centers of the implementation of an AED.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
A user of an AED must utilize available means to immediately contact and activate the emergency medical services system. Any appropriate data or information must be made available to emergency medical services personnel or other health care providers as requested.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any individual who is trained to use an automated external defibrillator in accordance with subsection (C) and who in good faith uses an AED in an emergency shall not be liable for any civil damages as a result of any acts or omissions by such individual in using the AED, except any acts or omissions intentionally designed to harm or any grossly negligent acts or omissions which result in harm to the individual receiving the AED treatment.
Any individual who lacks the training set forth in subsection (C), but who has access to an AED and in good faith uses an AED in an emergency as an ordinary reasonably prudent individual would do under the same or similar circumstances, shall receive immunity from civil damages as set forth in subsection (A).

Rhode Island

HB 6470 2007
Revises law so that any health club which operates a facility on a key pass basis with no attending employees at anytime is exempt from the provisions of this section.

SB 2948 2004
Revises law so that a health club AED will at all times be deployed in a manner in which best provides accessibility to staff, members and guests. At least one (1) employee, properly trained by the American Heart Association or comparable state recognized agency in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED, must be on duty during hours of operation.

HB 7156 2004
Requires that every health club, nursing home, assisted living facility, and public swimming pool have at least one automated external defibrillator.

HB 7336 2000
Requires that AEDs be placed in every city, town, college campus and judicial office in the state.

SB 920 1999
Provides for AED placement to the Rhode Island State Police

SB 2239 1998
Provides defibrillators for every city and town in the state.

Statute 9-1-34
Provides for Good Samaritan protection.

Requirements

Physician
Must have physician approval of the AED purchase.

CPR/AED Training
AED user must be trained in the use of an AED in accordance with standards promulgated by either the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
No person, whether acting in an official capacity or as a private volunteer, who gratuitously renders emergency assistance in the nature of cardiopulmonary resuscitation or automated external defibrillation to a person in need thereof, shall be liable for civil damages for any personal injuries which result from acts or omissions by such persons rendering the emergency care, which may constitute ordinary negligence; provided, however, that this immunity applies only to persons who have been trained in accordance with standards promulgated by either the American heart association or the American national red cross. This immunity does not apply to acts or omissions constituting gross, willful, or wanton negligence. This immunity shall also extend to persons providing approved training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of automated external defibrillation in accordance with standards promulgated by either the American heart association or the American national red cross and to physicians providing medical direction oversight for programs of automated external defibrillator use.
Property lessees and owners where the emergency assistance occurs as well as the owners of the actual life saving equipment shall enjoy immunity from liability.

South Carolina

HB 3723 2008
Requires that school districts implement an automated external defibrillator program for each high school.

SB 71 2008
Provides immunity for persons providing training for cardiopulmonary resuscitation that includes
training in the use of an AED

SB 728 1999
Provides immunity protection for use of an AED and establishes requirements for automated external defibrillator programs.

Requirements
Physician

Must employ or obtain a health care professional to serve as AED liaison.

CPR/AED Training
A person or entity that acquires an AED shall require its designated AED users to have current training in CPR and AED use by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or National Safety Council.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of the emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
Must maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and keep written records of maintenance and testing. Must have in place an AED program approved by its AED liaison which includes CPR and AED training, AED protocol or guidelines, AED deployment strategies, and an AED equipment maintenance plan;

Notification of Use
Must include in the AED protocol or guidelines that a person who renders emergency care or treatment to a person in cardiac arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia by using an AED must activate the emergency medical services system or 911 as soon as possible. Must also report any clinical use of the AED to the AED liaison.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician
Any person or entity acting in good faith and gratuitously shall be immune from civil liability for the application of an AED unless the person was grossly negligent in the application.
Any designated AED users meeting the requirements of Section 44-76-30(1) and acting according to the required training shall be immune from civil liability for the application of an AED unless the application was grossly negligent.
A person or entity acquiring an AED and meeting the requirements of Section 44-76-30 or an AED liaison meeting the requirements of Section 44-76-30 shall be immune from civil liability for the application of an AED by any person or entity described in items (1) or (2) of this section.
A prescribing physician shall be immune from civil liability for authorizing the purchase of an AED, unless the authorization was grossly negligent.

South Dakota

HB 1105 2007
Repeals certain provisions related to immunity from civil liability for the placement and use of automated external defibrillators.

HB 1245 2005
Revises immunity in the use of automated external defibrillators to include AEDs purchased over-the-counter.

SB 83 2000
Provides immunity from civil liability for the placement and use of automated external defibrillators.

Good Samaritan Protection
Any person, who in good faith obtains, uses, attempts to use, or chooses not to use an
AED in providing emergency care or treatment, is immune from civil liability for any injury as a result of such emergency care or treatment or as a result of an act or failure to act in providing or arranging such medical treatment.

Tennessee

SB 2505 2010
Requires automated external defibrillators in public schools and addresses placement.

HB 2775 2009
Encourages that AEDs be placed in public schools.

SB 281 2003
Requires registration of an AED within 20 days of acquisition.

HB 1218 1999
Revises immunity protection to include licensed physician involved in the program, the property owner, the purchaser, and the trainer.

HB 2970 1998
Establishes procedures and protections for use of an automated external defibrillator.

Requirements
Physician

There must be a supervising physician licensed in Tennessee. Each time an AED is used for an individual in cardiac arrest, the entity shall require that the AED use is reported to the supervising physician or the person designated by the physician and to the department.

CPR/AED Training
Expected defibrillator users must receive American Heart Association CPR and AED or an equivalent nationally recognized course in defibrillator use and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity who acquires an automatic external defibrillator must register the existence and location of the defibrillator with the emergency communications district or the ambulance dispatch center of the primary provider of emergency medical services where the automatic external defibrillator is to be located within thirty days of acquisition.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automatic external defibrillator must activate the emergency medical services system as soon as possible.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person, including those identified in subsection (b) of this section or §§ 63-6-222 or 68-135-201, who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an automatic external defibrillator shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of such care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.
The immunity from civil liability for any emergency care provided pursuant to §63-6-218(b)(1) and (b)(2), shall include the licensed physician or medical authority who is involved with automated external defibrillator (AED) site placement, the person or entity who provides the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED training, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located.

Texas

HB 392 2009
Requires that an AED be placed in nursing homes and related institutions.

SB 82 2007
Requires CPR certification in public schools for a coach, trainer, or sponsor for an extracurricular athletic activity, a physician who is employed by a school or school district or who volunteers to assist with an extracurricular athletic activity, and a director responsible for a school marching band.

SB 7 2007
Requires CPR instruction at certain school campuses and athletic events, and the creation of a cardiovascular screening pilot program.

HB 2117 2007
Revises immunity protection to include a person using an automated external defibrillator and a volunteer first responder.

HB 92 2007
Requires that a licensed practitioner provide a prescription for purchase of an AED.

HB 4 2003
Revises immunity protection.

HB 580 1999
Establishes immunity protection and AED placement requirements.

Requirements
Physician

A licensed physician must be involved in the training program and placement to ensure compliance.

CPR/AED Training
Each user of the automated external defibrillator must receive training given or approved by the Texas Department of Health in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of the automated external defibrillator.

EMS Notification
When a person or entity acquires an automated external defibrillator, the person or entity shall notify the local emergency medical services provider of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
A person or entity that owns or leases an automated external defibrillator shall maintain and test the automated external defibrillator according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Notification of Use
A person or entity that provides emergency care to a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator shall promptly notify the local emergency medical services provider.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician, Trainer
A person who in good faith administers emergency care, is not liable in civil damages for an act performed during the emergency unless the act is willfully or wantonly negligent, including a person who:
(1)Administers emergency care using an automated external defibrillator; or
(2)Administers emergency care as a volunteer who is a first responder as the term is defined under Section 421.095, Government Code.

The prescribing physician who authorizes the acquisition of an automated external defibrillator in accordance with this chapter, a person or entity that provides approved training in the use of an automated external defibrillator in accordance with this chapter, and the person or entity that acquires the automated external defibrillator and meets the requirements of this chapter are not liable for civil damages for such prescription, training, or acquisition unless the conduct is wilfully or wantonly negligent. Any person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator and negligently fails to comply with the requirements of this chapter is liable for civil damages caused by such negligence.

Utah

HB 31 2009
Utah Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survival Act – provides immunity protection and establishes requirements for AED placement.

SB 95 2003
Establishes a statewide database for the collection and distribution of information regarding the location of commercially owned fully automated external defibrillators.

SB 86 2000
Expands the training programs recognized by the state for fully automated external defibrillators; and extends immunity to heatlh care providers who provide instructions on the use of fully automated external defibrillators.

HB 50 1999
Expands Good Samaritan Act.

HB 98 1998
Allows trained responders without a license to administer CPR and use an AED.

Requirements
Physician

Physician approval of an AED purchase required.

CPR/AED Training
A person who owns or leases an AED shall encourage each person who is likely to use the AED to complete courses on the administration of CPR and the use of an AED.

EMS Notification
A commercial owner of a fully automated external defibrillator shall register the ownership and precise location of the defibrillator with the department within 30 days of acquisition of the defibrillator.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Except as provided in Subsection (3), the following persons are not subject to civil liability for any act or omission relating to preparing to care for, responding to care for, or providing care to, another person who reasonably appears to be in sudden cardiac arrest:
(a) a person authorized, under Section 26-8b-201, to administer CPR, who:
(i) gratuitously and in good faith attempts to administer or administers CPR to another person; or
(ii) fails to administer CPR to another person;
(b) a person authorized, under Section 26-8b-201, to use an AED who: (i) gratuitously and in good faith attempts to use or uses an AED; or
(ii) fails to use an AED;
(c) a person that teaches or provides a training course in administering CPR or using an AED;
(d) a person that acquires an AED;
(e) a person that owns, manages, or is otherwise responsible for the premises or conveyance where an AED is located;
(f) a person who retrieves an AED in response to a perceived or potential sudden cardiac arrest;
(g) a person that authorizes, directs, or supervises the installation or provision of an AED;
(h) a person involved with, or responsible for, the design, management, or operation of a CPR or AED program;
(i) a person involved with, or responsible for, reporting, receiving, recording, updating, giving, or distributing information relating to the ownership or location of an AED under Part 3, AED Databases; or
(j) a physician who gratuitously and in good faith:
(i) provides medical oversight for a public AED program; or
(ii) issues a prescription for a person to acquire or use an AED.

Vermont

EMS Notification

Any person who owns or leases an AED shall notify the department and the person’s regional ambulance service or first responder service of the existence, location, and type of device the person possesses.

Maintenance Program
Must maintain and test the device in accordance with the applicable standards of the manufacturer

Notification of Use
A person using an AED shall be certain that emergency personnel have been summoned by calling 911.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Trainer
Any person, other than a person defined as a health care provider by section 9432(8) of this title or as emergency medical personnel by subdivision 2651(6) of Title 24 acting in the normal course of his or her duties as a health care provider or as emergency medical personnel, who acts in good faith and who renders emergency care by the use of an AED, acquires an AED, owns a premises on which an AED is located, or provides a training course in the operation of an AED shall not be liable for civil damages for that person's acts or omissions with respect to such use, ownership, or training in the operation of an AED unless those acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton.

Virginia

HB 1294 2008
Provides that immunity under the statute extends to those providing care at a location for screening or stabilization in addition to the scene of the accident and en route to the hospital.

HB 1860 2003
Eliminates the requirement for registration of automated external defibrillators by repealing § 32.1-111.14:1 and amends existing immunity provisions to be consistent with this deregulation of ownership and use of automated external defibrillators.

HB 1049 2000
Clarifies provisions for immunity and AED placement requirements.

HB 2097 1999
Establishes requirements for AED placement and provides for immunity protection.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Physician, Trainer
Any person who in good faith and without compensation, renders or administers emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cardiac defibrillation, including, but not limited to, the use of an automated external defibrillator, or other emergency life-sustaining or resuscitative treatments or procedures which have been approved by the State Board of Health to any sick or injured person, whether at the scene of a fire, an accident or any other place, or while transporting such person to or from any hospital, clinic, doctor's office or other medical facility, shall be deemed qualified to administer such emergency treatments and procedures and shall not be liable for acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such emergency resuscitative treatments or procedures.
Any person who operates an automated external defibrillator at the scene of an emergency, trains individuals to be operators of automated external defibrillators, or orders automated external defibrillators, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from any act or omission in the use of an automated external defibrillator in an emergency where the person performing the defibrillation acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances, unless such personal injury results from gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering such emergency care.
Any licensed physician serving without compensation as a supervisor of an automated external defibrillator in this Commonwealth shall not be liable for any civil damages for any act or omission resulting from rendering medical advice in good faith to the owner of the automated external defibrillator relating to personnel training, local emergency medical services coordination, protocol approval, automated external defibrillator deployment strategies, and equipment maintenance plans and records unless such act or omission was the result of such physician's gross negligence or willful misconduct.

Washington

HB 2998 1998
Provides immunity protection and establishes requirements for automated external defibrillators.

Requirements
Physician

Upon acquiring a defibrillator, medical direction must be enlisted by the acquirer from a licensed physician in the use of the defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

CPR/AED Training
Expected defibrillator users must receive reasonable instruction in defibrillator use and cardiopulmonary resuscitation by a course approved by the department of health.

EMS Notification
The person or entity who acquires a defibrillator shall notify the local emergency medical services organization about the existence and the location of the defibrillator.

Maintenance Program
The defibrillator must be maintained and tested by the acquirer according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines.

Notification of Use
The defibrillator user shall call 911 or its local equivalent as soon as possible after the emergency use of the defibrillator and shall assure that appropriate follow-up data is made available as requested by emergency medical service or other health care providers.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A person who uses a defibrillator at the scene of an emergency and all other persons and entities providing services under this section are immune from civil liability for any personal injury that results from any act or omission in the use of the defibrillator in an emergency setting.
The immunity from civil liability does not apply if the acts or
14 omissions amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.
The requirements of subsection (2) of this section shall not apply to any individual using a defibrillator in an emergency setting if that individual is acting as a good samaritan under RCW 4.24.300.

West Virginia

SB 422 2010
Amends immunity protection relating to health care providers.

SB 619 2008
Amends immunity protection relating to adding definitions for anticipated and unanticipated users of external defibrillators; and limiting liability toward unanticipated users who render aid.

HB 2929 2005
Recommends a defibrillator for dentists administering anesthesia.

HB 2269 1999
Provides immunity protection and establishes guidelines for AED use.

Requirements
Physician

Must designate a medical director for the coordination of the program, which shall include, but not be limited to, training, coordinating with EMS, creating AED deployment strategies and reviewing each operation of an AED.

CPR/AED Training
The anticipated operator of an AED must receive appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, referred to as "CPR", in the operation of an AED and in the determination of advance directives from the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, any other nationally recognized course in CPR and AED or an AED and CPR training program approved by the Office of Emergency Medical Services.

EMS Notification
An entity providing an early defibrillation program shall register the program with the Office of Emergency Medical Services, pursuant to article four-c of this chapter, identifying the placement of AEDs, training of anticipated operators, preplanned EMS system coordination, designation of a medical director, maintenance of AED equipment and reports of AED utilization. Must notify the local EMS system and public safety answering point or other appropriate emergency dispatch center of the existence of an entity's early defibrillation program, the location of the program and the program's plan for coordination with the EMS system.

Maintenance Program
Must maintain and test the AED in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines and keep written records of this maintenance and testing.

Notification of Use
An operator of an AED who renders emergency care or treatment on a person experiencing cardiac arrest shall activate the EMS system as soon as possible and shall report the use of an AED to the program medical director.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
A person is not liable for civil damages as a result of any act or omission in rendering emergency medical care or treatment involving the use of an AED if the care or treatment does not amount to gross negligence and the following conditions are met:
1 The person, entity, certified trainer or medical director of the early defibrillation program is in compliance with the provisions of section three of this article; and

Wisconsin

SB 142 2007
Requires certain professionals to successfully complete training on use of an automated external defibrillator. Extends immunity protection for users, owners, and providers of AEDs for acts or omissions in rendering emergency care in good faith. AB 521 2000

AB 239 1999
Provides immunity protection and establishes guidelines for AED use.

Physician
Physician’s prescription required.

EMS Notification
A person who provides an automatic defibrillator or a semiautomatic defibrillator shall provide written notification to the nearest emergency medical services program.

Maintenance Program
Must ensure that the automatic defibrillator or semiautomatic defibrillator is maintained and tested in accordance with any operational guidelines of the manufacturer.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Purchaser, Property Owner, Trainer
The person who in good faith renders emergency care by use of an AED to an individual who appears to be in cardiac arrest is immune from civil liability for the acts or omissions resulting from the use of the AED as long as the act or omission does not constitute gross negligence.
The owner of the AED is immune from civil liability for the acts or omissions of a person rendering emergency care by use of an AED as long as the act or omission does not constitute gross negligence.
Any person who provides training in the use of an AED to the person who renders care is immune from civil liability for the acts or omissions of the person rendering emergency care as long as the act or omission does not constitute gross negligence.
The person who provides the AED for use is immune from civil liability for the acts or omissions of a person who in good faith renders emergency care by use of an AED to an individual who appears to be in cardiac arrest, if the person who provides the AED ensures that the AED is maintained and tested in accordance with any operational guidelines of the manufacturer and if the act or omission resulting from the use or provision for use of the AED does not constitutes gross negligence.

Wyoming

HB 19 2005
Revises Good Samaritan protection and requirements for use of an AED.

HB 117 1999
Provides immunity protection and establishes guidelines for AED use.

Requirements
Physician

Physician prescription required.

CPR/AED Training
Must obtain appropriate training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and in the use of an AED by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross or by another nationally recognized, or Wyoming department of health recognized, course in CPR and AED use and maintains currency through refresher training every two (2) years.

EMS Notification
Any person or entity in possession of an AED shall notify an agent of the emergency communications center and the local ambulance service of the existence, location and type of AED.

Maintenance Program
Must ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Good Samaritan Protection
Rescuer, Property Owner, Physician, Trainer
Any person who uses or attempts to use an automated external defibrillator device on a victim of a perceived medical emergency, any prescribing physician who authorizes the purchase of the AED and any individual who provides training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the use of an AED shall be immune from civil liability for any harm resulting from the use or attempted use of such device, unless the harm involved was caused by willful or criminal misconduct, gross negligence, reckless misconduct or a conscious, flagrant indifference to the safety of the victim who was harmed.
Any person responsible for the site where the AED is located shall be immune from civil liability
for any personal injury that results from any act or omission of acts that do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence if that person complies with the requirements of W.S. 35-26-102.